Apartheid Museum

The Homelands

The policy of separate development sought to assign every black African to a 'homeland' according to their ethnic identity.

Ten homelands were created to rid South Africa of its black citizens, opening the way for massed forced removals. In the 1970s, the government granted sham independence to South Africa's black homelands. This served as an excuse to deny all Africans political rights in South Africa.

Quick Facts

  • Between 1960 and 1994 over three and a half million people were forcibly removed to the homelands.
  • Their land was taken away from them and sold to white farmers at very low prices.
  • People were unable to make a living in the homelands, and many had to work as migrant labouerers in the cities of South Africa.
  • Homelands Map